1. Identify Clovers

Common Name:

Clover

Latin Name:

trefoil spp

Season:

March – August

Could be Confused with:

Could be confused with Wood Sorrel or other Clovers, i.e. white confused for red clover when not in flower, the only thing to be mainly wary of that grows in a similar habitat is Birds Foot Trefoil – it has a yellow flower that is completely different but before it goes to flower there’s potential to confuse them. Birds Foot trefoil has a bird foot shaped leaf which clover doesn’t have.

Range and Distribution:

All over the UK and Northern Europe

Habitat you find it:

Grassy area, farmers fields, playing fields, disturbed ground

Physical Characteristics:

Flowers

White Clover

Each flower head is about 2-3 centimetres across, growing like a pom made up of lots of smaller flowers growing from the very centre. The individual flowers are tubular in shape and has 5 narrow petals that can range from pink to red and white.

Red Clover

Leaves

The leaflets are oval or ovate and tend to be broader in the middle. Each leaf splits into three (hence the trefoil) and often look like three sets of hearts or butterfly winges connecting at one central point. (although if you’re incredibly lucky you may find one with four sets of leaves. Often there’s a light marking across each leaf that looks like a pale eyebrow. There are usually 1-3 leaflets immediately beneath each flower head.

from: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Different-leaf-marks-found-in-white-clover-The-gene-symbols-are-as-originally-proposed_fig1_250119450

Height

Depending on conditions, red clover plants can grow up to 80 centimetres in height but is often found much closer to ground level (this is often dependent on whether the grassed area is regularly mown or not.
Edible Parts: Leaves and Flowers although the flowers are the best bit

Herbal Uses:

In the past clover has been used to treat: Red clover is used for cancer prevention, indigestion, high cholesterol, whooping cough, cough, asthma, bronchitis, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Some women use red clover for symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes; for breast pain or tenderness (mastalgia); and for premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Extra Points, tips and fun facts:

if you can get to the flowers before the bees they have a slightly sweet flavour.

The four-leaf clover is said to represent good luck and good fortune, some link it to being in favour with the gods. The three-leaf is also seen as being lucky with its references and links to the holy trinity.

References:

https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-308/red-clover#:~:text=Red%20clover%20is%20used%20for%20cancer%20prevention%2C%20indigestion%2C%20high%20cholesterol,for%20premenstrual%20syndrome%20(PMS).

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