Common Rustgill (Gymnopilus Penetrans) Identification

Common Rustgill  / Summer / Autumn / Winter / Inedible

Scientific Name

Gymnopilus Penetrans


Common Names

Common Rustgill


Family

Strophariaceae


Habitat

Nearly always found in coniferous woodlands, they feed on dead material and appear on stumps, logs, woodchip and cones, they typically grow in large clumps.


Description 

A common mushroom with quite a long season, there are question marks arounds its edibility. Most guides list them as inedible while some class them as poisonous, so not one that we would recommend for the kitchen.


Identifying Features:

Cap:

Convex when young they flatten out with age. They are orange/yellow to brown in colour, tending to be darker towards the centre. The caps are covered with very fine silk/velvet like hairs.

Strobilomyces, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Stem:

Yellowish to brown in colour they are covered in off white fibres that run down the stem.

Jerzy Opioła, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Gills:

The gills are crowded and adnate, yellowish when young, the rust coloured spores darken the gills as they age.

James Lindsey at Ecology of Commanster, CC BY-SA 2.5 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5>, via Wikimedia Commons

Smell:

Slightly fruity.


Spores:

Rusty, orange to brown.


Known hazards

They are very bitter tasting and due to the question marks around edibility its best avoided. Several species in the genus Gymnopilus are known to be seriously poisonous, and there is evidence that rustgills from certain parts of the world contain hallucinogenic substances such as psilocybin.


Potential lookalikes

The Spectacular Rustgill (Gymnopilus Junonius) can look similar but this has a scaly cap and a ring on its stem.

The Golden Bootleg (Phaeolepiota Aurea) can also look similar but this is a very rare mushroom and it has a yellowish spore print.


Extra Notes

The name derives from ancient Greek, gymn meaning naked and pilus meaning cap, hence naked or bald cap. Penetrans means penetrating.

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