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Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea) Identification Guide

Ground Ivy/ Spring / Summer / Autumn / Winter / Edible

Ground Ivy is one of Britain’s most common plants, it’s not a true Ivy but a member of the mint family and it can be used as a substitute for Thyme, Mint or Rosemary. It’s an evergreen, ground cover plant that can be quite invasive.


Common Names

Ground Ivy, Ground-ivy, Gill-over-the-ground, Alehoof, Field balm, Run-away-robin


Botanical Name

Glechoma hederacea


Scientific Classification

Kingdom – Plantae

Order – Lamiales

Family – Lamiaceae


Video


Physical Characteristics for Ground Ivy

AnRo0002, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Leaves

The leaves are roughly kidney shaped, bright green and they grow on long stalks. They are hairy and have a rounded lobes. When the leaves are crushed they release a pleasant smell that I’ve read described as anything from thyme, blackcurrant and tom-cats? Like all Mints they have square stems. Up to 4cm across.

AnRo0002, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Flowers

The flowers are purple and are funnel shaped. They grow in opposite clusters of two or three. The flowers normally appear in spring.

AnRo0002, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Habitat

It’s one of the most common weeds in the UK and can be found almost anywhere damp and shady.


Known Hazards

It’s known to contain some compounds that can be irritants to the kidneys and digestive system in humans in large amounts. It also contains the volatile oil pugelone, which is a known abortifacient. It contains this in a far, far lower concentration than in Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium).

Ground Ivy is suspected of being toxic to horses and cattle who can eat a sizeable portion per day. More than a typical human could eat in a year.


Could be Confused with…

Other Mints can look similar but they are all edible in moderation.


Edible Uses

The plant has a lovely sage like minty flavour and it can be used as a substitute for thyme or rosemary for example. It can be used raw in salads or cooked as a leafy green. The deep fried leaves are a lovely, crunchy garnish.

Traditionally it was used to make ‘Gill tea’ which was an old cure for colds and fevers. To make it just add a handful of the leaves to boiling water and allow them to infuse before sweetening it to taste.

The common name ‘Alehoof’ comes from its use as a flavouring in beers and ales before hops were commonly used.


Notes on Herbal Uses

It is astringent and can help reduce phlegm and inflammations. It can be used to treat hay fever, sinusitis and to ease the inflammation of mucus membranes in the ears, throat, chest or digestive system.

It is also high in iron and vitamin C.


Extra notes from the Foragers

The plant has a long history in witchcraft, and it is said to be used to discover the identity of a person working against you magically.

There is a superstition that states milkmaids should wear Ground ivy on their person to prevent enchantment to the cows.


References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glechoma_hederacea

more from the wildlife trust

https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/i/ivygro16.html

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