Identify Horse Mushrooms

Horse Mushroom/ Summer / Autumn / Edible

Common Name

Horse Mushroom

Edible


Botanical Name

Agaricus Arvensis


Meaning of Botanical Name

Arvensis means field which is where these mushrooms grow


Family

Agaricaceae


Known Hazards

Can accumulate heavy metals such as copper


Could be confused with

Yellow Stainer, (Agaricus Xanthoderma) this mushroom stains quickly bright yellow when touched, cut or bruised, the horse mushroom stains slightly yellow and its a slow reaction, it also smells very unpleasantly of iodine whereas the horse mushroom smells of aniseed.

Click here for a full ID guide on Yellow Stainer Mushrooms

This image was created by user Copyright ©2011 Byrain at Mushroom Observer, a source for mycological images.You can contact this user here.English | español | français | italiano | македонски | മലയാളം | português | +/−, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Food Plant of

Humans, mammals, and many invertebrates and insects.


Range and Distribution

the Horse Mushroom is a common mushroom in Britain and Ireland as well mainland Europe and parts of Asia and North America, the Horse Mushroom has also been found in Australia as well as New Zealand


Habitat

This is a saprophytic mushroom (meaning it lives on decaying organic matter) it loves well-manured pastures and grassland, often growing in rings.


Physical Characteristics for the Horse Mushroom


Cap

The cap is a creamy white colour, dome-shaped when young and flattening out with age.

© Salix / Wikimedia Commons

Gills

Gills start off pale salmon pink and turn dark chocolate brown and eventually black with age, they are crowded and free of the stem.

© Salix / Wikimedia Commons

Stem & Skirt

The stem has a double ring (skirt) which when still attached to the cap looks like a cogwheel pattern.
Flesh stains a pale yellow colour when bruised.


Smell

Strong Aniseed Smell


Spores

Dark Brown


Edible Use

Delicious edible mushroom, good for frying, stews, pate, etc.

X
X
X