St Georges Mushroom (Calocybe gambosa)

St George’s Mushroom/ Spring / Edible

st Georges mushroom is a brilliant edible springtime mushroom, look around St George’s Day after some rain.

Botanical name

Calocybe gambosa

Meaning of botanical name

From the ancient Greek words kalos “pretty” and cubos “head”, and the Latin gambosus, meaning “club footed”. The species name is a reference to the often one-sided bulbousness of the stem base



Scientific Classification:

Division: Basidiomycota, Class: Agaricomycetes, Order: Agaricales, Family: Lyophyllaceae, Genus: Calocybe, Species: Gambosa

Known harzard

None known

Could be confused with

The Deadly Fibrecap (Inocybe erubescens), but the gills of this bruise red and it does not smell mealy

Food of

The larvae of several species of fly

Range and distribution

Western Europe

St Georges Foraging Video


Grassland, the edge of woodland, hedgerows

Physical characteristics of the st Georges mushroom

A stout white-capped mushroom, with white gills.


The cap grows to 5-15cm and often turns buff with age.


The stem is solid and more bulbous towards the base, white throughout and between 1 – 8cm. It has no ring on the stem and is often found growing in rings. It can be found growing in tight clusters and partial rings.


The gills are very narrow compared and crowded.

They are sinuate.

sinuate gill


The mushroom has a strong mealy/wet dough scent.


This mushroom fruits a few weeks before to a few weeks after St George’s Day, 23 April; thus its common name

Edible use

One of the few mushrooms that can be eaten raw. St George’s Mushrooms can also be pickled. However, the most popular method to eat them is fried in butter. Cooking can remove some of the mealy odour/flavour. Also a good mushroom for dehydrating, as well as using in stocks


Some evidence of antifungal properties is being researched currently.
 If you have a medical complaint, please see your doctor


Be aware of traffic-related toxins in the soil if collecting from roadside

Tips and Observations

Look out for rings of lush grass throughout the year and check them in April to May

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