False Saffron Milkcap (Lactarius Deterrimus) – Identification

False Saffron Milkcap/Summer/Autumn/ Edible

Scientific Name

Lactarius Deterrimus


Family

Russulaceae


Habitat

Found growing with coniferous trees, especially Spruces and Pines.


Description

Lactarius deterrimus is a large milkcap with carrot-coloured gills and greenish tints as it matures. A distinctive feature is the latex (‘milk) exuded from cut or torn gills, which changes from carrot-orange to dark red as it dries.


Identifying Features for False Saffron Milkcap:


Cap:

Orange with concentric darker or lighter lines with green patches. Starting convex but soon developing a depression in the middle and becoming ‘funnel’shaped.  

Holger Krisp, CC BY 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Stem:

Orange and smooth unlike the pitted stem of the Saffron Milkcap.

Exif JPEGTh. Kuhnigk, CC BY-SA 3.0 DE <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/deed.en>, via Wikimedia Commons

Gills:

Orange and slightly subdecurrent, fairly crowded and bruising green.

Subdecurrent gills

The milk is bright orange, turning to blood red after sometime then eventually turns green.

Abuluntu, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Smell:

Mushroomy smell


Spores:

Pale Yellow


Uses

In food

an excellent cooking mushroom. not as good as the true Saffron Milkcap but still an brilliant addition to dishes that require mushrooms. excellent in cream pasta sauces as it dyes the cream bright orange.


Harvesting

Found August to November in coniferous woodland.


Known hazards

Could be confused with the poisonous Woolly Milkcap.


Potential lookalikes

Could be confused with  the true  Saffron Milkcap   but the Saffron Milkcap has pits on the stem unlike the False Saffron Milkcap. Could also be confused with the poisonous Woolly Milkcap.

True Saffron Milkcap – Holger Krisp, CC BY 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

 

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