Destroying Angel

Common Name
Destroying Angel

Not Edible – Toxic

Botanical Name
Amanita virosa

Meaning of Botanical Name
Virosa referring to its strongly sweet sickly unpleasant smell

Family
Amanitaceae

Known Hazards
DEADLY, this mushroom contains amotoxin, which in the first 6-12 hours after eating cause severe gastric upsets, those symptoms pass and the consumer is fine until day 3-4 when severe liver and  kidney damage has been done which leads to coma and death.

Could be confused with
The Fase Death Cap (Amanita Citrina) this mushroom smells strongly of raw potato and often has veil ( egg sack) reminants on the cap.
Field mushrooms (Agaricus Campestris) These mushrooms have pink to brown black gills not white and dont have a boulbous base or egg sace reminants at the base of the stem

Food Plant of…
some small mamals rabbits and squirrels have been seen to eat this mushroom with no ill effects.

Range and Distribution
the destroying angel is as an uncommon mushroom preferring altitude in Britain and Ireland, but can be found in lower areas especially in scotland, it can also be found in Europe especally the coniferous woodlands of Scandinavia.

Habitat
Often found at the edges of woodlands  preferring deciduous woodlands.

Physical Characteristics

Like all amanita this mushroom grows from a volva (egg sack)
The cap is pure white quite satin like when dry and viscus (slimy) when wet.Dome shaped when young and flattening with age, often has an umbo (lump)in the centre of the cap as it expands.
The gills are crowded and white, they are adnext (narrowly joined to the stem)

The tall stem is pure white and fibrous, hollowing with age, there is a fragile ring on the upper part of the stem but it often disappears
The base is surrounded by the white volva (egg sack)
Unpleasent sickly odour

Edible Use
None- Do Not Eat This Mushroom!

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