Identify Cows Parsley

Botanical Name

Anthriscus Sylvestris 

Known Hazards

Misidentification with poison hemlock, suspected to be harmful to some mammals.

Could be confused with

Fools parsley, poison hemlock, hemlock water dropwort

Range and Distribution

Found in most of Europe, including Britain, south and east to N. Africa and Siberia. 

Habitat

Common in hedgerows and verges. 

Physical Characteristics

Starting off as a rosette of long stems that are celery shaped with small hairs going up to opposite pairs of feather like leaves. As it matures it sends up a rounded, ribbed and hairy. The stems never have purple spots but can have purple blocks of colour usually starting from the base. The flowers grow in umbels, this looks like the spokes of an umbrella branching out from the tall stem with a cluster of flowers at the end of each spoke. The flowers are small with a creamy centre and 5 unevenly sized petals (a bit like a flower a child would draw). The seeds are in place of each flower head so are clustered each seed is a long tear drop shape and they’re in pairs so it looks a bit like a deer footprint. This plant has a faint parsley-like smell especially when crushed, the leaves and stem have a parsley-like flavour and the flowers and seeds having a carroty flavour.

Folklore, tall tales, and not so folklore

The stems throughout history have been used by children as pea shooters. 

 It is said that it is unlucky to have cow parsley inside the house and that it is the harbinger of death. 

Edible Use

The whole of the plant is edible, the leaves, stems and flowers are great in salads or used as a pot herb to flavour soups, pestos and stews etc. The seeds are great ground and added to curries or rice to flavour. The roots can also be cooked like a carrot. 

Herbal

The roots can be made into a tonic to help weakness.

Miscellaneous

Be careful when harvesting cow parsley as it can grow in the same habitat as poison hemlock and sometimes growing together so  be sure to check every stem you pick for the celery shaped hairy stem that has no spots.

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