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Wild Gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa) Identification

Wild Gooseberry / Summer / Edible

Wild Gooseberry is a thorny shrub or bush, up to 1.5 metres high. It’s difficult to know whether the plants you find are truly wild or if they are feral. Gooseberries were cultivated a lot in the past.


Common Names

Wild Gooseberry, European Gooseberry, Goosegogs


Botanical Name

Ribes uva-crispa


Scientific Classification

Kingdom – Plantae

Order – Saxifragales

Family – Grossulariaceae


Physical Characteristics for Wild Gooseberry

Stems

The stems are woody and are covered in tough spines.


Leaves

The leaves are deep green, have 3-4 lobes which are bluntly toothed. Up to 5cm across.

Frank Vincentz, CC BY-SA 3.0 <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/>, via Wikimedia Commons

Flowers

The individual flowers are small and droop, they are green with a pink to red hue. They are roughly bell shaped and normally appear in spring.

AnRo0002, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Fruits

The plant produces round to oval shaped fruits. They are usually green but red or white varieties are quite common, they all have rough hairs on their surface. The fruits tend to be smaller than cultivated varieties they are roughly 1cm in diameter. The fruit are normally ripe in summer.

Хомелка, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Habitat

It’s a common sight in hedgerow and mixed woodlands.


Known Hazards

None Known


Could be Confused with…

When it’s full of berries it’s a really distinctive plant so it would be difficult to confuse it with anything else. If it looks like a gooseberry, it’s a gooseberry, I wouldn’t worry about which species or whether its feral or wild, their all edible.


Edible Uses

The berries are sweet yet tart and are traditionally used in jams, jellies and as a pie filling.

|They also work well in savoury dishes, in French a sauce made from Gooseberries is served with mackerel. In fact the French for Gooseberry is ‘groseille à maquereau’, which translates as ‘mackerel berries’


Notes on Herbal Uses

Gooseberry is a very nutritious plant, it is high in Vitamin C, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Copper, Manganese and Potassium.

It is also high in fibre and low in calories and fat, rich in anti-oxidants that fight free radicals.

Studies show that they can lower blood sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure levels, as well as a reducing the risk of cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and age-related illnesses of the brain.


Extra notes from the Foragers

The term Gooseberry bush was 19th century slang for pubic hair, and from this comes the saying that babies are “born under a gooseberry bush”.


References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribes_uva-crispa

https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/g/gooseb29.html

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