CHICKWEED (Stellaria media)
How to Identify Chickweed(Edible)
Common Chickweed, Chickweed
Meaning of botanical name
Stellaria means star-like, while media means in-the-middle or in between
Contains saponins, which can be poisonous in very large quantities. You would need to consume several kilos before being affected
Could be confused with Speedwell or Scarlet Pimpernel, which are both poisonous, before flowering. However, neither has the single spine of hair down the stem that chickweed has
Food plant ofChaffinches and other small birds
Range and distribution
Common in Europe, Asia and North America
HabitatAgricultural pasture, gardens, waste ground, flower containers, and pavement cracks
Physical characteristicsForms mats of long (6-9 inches) trailing stems that don’t really gain any kind of height. The roots are quite loosely attached to the soil, so the plant can be easily dislodged with little force. Pairs of leaves are distributed around an inch (2cm) apart along the length of the stem. The leaves are more clustered around the flower heads at the end of the stems.
Between each pair of leaves a fine spine of hair runs along the stem. This spine of hair starts in an alternate point on the section of stem up to the next pair of leaves.
The flowers are white and look like stars. They have five petals but deep divisions give the appearance of 10 petals
Folklore, tall tales, and not so folklore
The Ainu – indigenous people of Japan and Russia – believed the steeped stems placed on limbs would relieve sore bones
Eaten raw in salads, or flash steamed.
HerbalChickweed has a high iron content so is prescribed by herbalists for people with iron deficiency. It is also used in herbal medicine for skin disorders, respiratory disorders, period pain, and arthritic pain. Please visit your doctor before embarking on any form of treatment
MiscellaneousChickweed is widely considered to be a common garden weed and often removed and composted rather than harvested as a salad green