Funeral bell Mushrooms (Galerina Marginata) Identification

Funeral bell Mushrooms (Galerina Marginata) Identification

Toxic.

Common names

Funeral bells, Deadly Skull caps


Botanical name

Galerina Marginata


Meaning of Scientific classification

The name derives from Galerina meaning helmet-like and Marginata meaning bordered in reference to the generally lighter margin edge when compared to the cap centre.

Class: Agaricomycetes

Order: Agaricales

Kingdom: Fungi

Division: Basidiomycota


Could be confused with:

Velvet shanks (velvet shanks have a velvety stem and lack the skirt), Wood tufts (Very similar in appearance making the wood tuft unsafe to forage for)


Distribution

Fairly common in the UK.


Key features and habitat of Funeral Bell mushrooms

These mushrooms contain the same toxins as Death caps so are potential deadly, therefore it’s a good mushroom to learn and avoid.


Cap

Caps are 1- 8 cm across and generally have a central umbo or nipple, with age the caps expand and almost flatten out. The caps and orange-brown to yellow-brown, generally lighter towards the edge.


Gills

The gills are crowded, attached and are pale brown to yellow-brown in colour.


Stem & Skirt

Stems are 2-8 cm in length, lighter at the top and almost black at the base. The stems have a small ring towards the top but this may be nonexistent in older specimens.

André De Kesel, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Spore Print

Brown & Ellipsoid


Season

They can be found virtually all year round but are more common in spring and autumn


Habitat

They are found on rotting logs and woodchip either evergreen or broadleaved species.


Edible uses

This is a seriously toxic mushroom and should not be consumed.

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